What technologies will be moving beneath the waves in the coming decades? And how will navies adapt to these changes?
Not since the Cold War has the world seen such a widespread interest and effort to build (or rebuild) submarine fleets. With littoral operations attracting more military activity and discussions over anti-access/area-denial (A2/AD) becoming more urgent, there appears to be a common belief that the next major battlespace will be influenced heavily by naval superiority – and subsea dominance could be the deciding factor. Defence IQ explores future submarine and submersible considerations, including unmanned systems, recruitment pressures and special operations in the littorals...
The market for new submarines is forecast to exceed $100 billion over the next ten years. A total of 451 submarines are in service worldwide –excluding midget/mini submarines (56) – with the fleets of the U.S.A. (72), Russia (57) and China (62) amounting to 43 percent of the world fleet.. 41 countries currently operate submarines. A further 96 vessels are on order or under construction. Read more on the key developments and the latest data on national fleet inventories.
In this webinar, we take a retrospective look at the Swedish submarine programme and the operational context of a small fleet as it broaches the challenges of budget, multi-theatre operability and refitting two of its four vessels.
In the course of this presentation, you will learn about:
- The political context of submarine operations for the Swedish FMV
- Technological drivers for change
- The scope of refits and capability management
- What the future holds for this Scandinavian submersible force
5 WAYS IN WHICH THE ROLE OF THE SUBMARINE IS EVOLVING TO FIT INTO THE 21ST CENTURY BATTLESPACE
WITH THE THREAT OF A NEW COLD WAR – WORLD WAR IV, BY SOME PEOPLE’S RECKONING – LOOMING LARGE, ONE OF THE DEFINING MILITARY DEVELOPMENTS OF THE 1980S, SUBMARINE WARFARE, HAS TAKEN ON A RENEWED EMPHASIS.
Often cited as the “first line of attack and the last line of defence”, submarines are playing a pivotal role in intelligence gathering, maritime surveillance and reconnaissance, and the patrolling and securing of borders and nation-critical trade routes.
In 2016, the global submarine market was worth an estimated $23 billion. That is expected to hit $36 billion by 2026, due to an increased focus on submersible operations and the need to overhaul and replace ageing submarines that are passing into obsolescence.
Submarine warfare has changed markedly since the Akula and Los Angeles-class boats of the 1980s played hide-and-seek beneath the waves. As technology hurtles ever forward - and Moore’s Law suggests that this will be an exponential trend - the heyday of submarine development is looking increasingly dated.
In this analysis, we look at five ways in which submarine warfare is evolving to fit the 21st century battlespace..